There are two kinds of jobs. Ordinary jobs are simple long-running tasks that get executed once. Scheduled jobs are jobs that are scheduled to run one or more times when a certain trigger fires.

An example of an ordinary job is running a script from the user interface. It gets configured by the user on the scripts screen and it gets executed immediately and asynchronously when the user clicks a button. The job gets executed once.

An example of a scheduled job is a nightly job that imports data from a URL. A scheduled job can get executed more than once.

Example: Creating a Hello World job

Let's create a new kind of job, a Hello World job that waits for a specified amount of seconds and then says Hello to the calling user.

Service method

The implementation sits in a method @Service bean.

public class HelloWorldService
  // This is a Service bean, so you can ask Spring to @Autowire any dependency you need to do the job

   * Greets the user.
  public String helloWorld(Progress progress, String who, int delay) throws InterruptedException
    sleep(delay * 1000);
    return "Hello " + who + "!";

Take a look at the method's parameters. String who is needed to create the greeting. int delay determines how long the service waits before returning the greeting. The Progress progress parameter allows the job to easily report on its progress.

JobExecution entity

Each time a job gets executed, its execution is represented by an instance of an entity that extends from the JobExecution entity. This helps:

  • To keep a record of all information used to create the job, in particular the parameter values.

  • To uniformly log the progress and status of the job execution

  • To uniformly show Progress bars and a list of recently executed jobs in the Jobs plugin.

The JobExecution entity is abstract. You will not find a repository for it. So let's extend the JobExecution entity and add a delay attribute to store the value of the delay parameter. We could also add an attribute to store the value of the who String. But instead, we'll use the user attribute which we inherit from JobExecution

public class HelloWorldJobExecution extends JobExecution
  [... standard constructors go here ...]

  // getter and setter for the job-specific parameters
  public int getDelay()
    return getInt(DELAY);

  public void setDelay(int delay)
    set(DELAY, delay);

You'll also need to create classes HelloWorldJobExecutionMetadata and HelloWorldJobExecutionFactory, just like for any system entity you create.

Job Factory

Now we must call the service method with the parameters from the HelloWorldJobExecution. Configure a JobFactory bean that links them together:

  public JobFactory<HelloWorldJobExecution> helloWorldJobFactory()
    return new JobFactory<HelloWorldJobExecution>()
      public Job<String> createJob(HelloWorldJobExecution jobExecution)
        final String who = jobExecution.getUser();
        final int delay = jobExecution.getDelay();
        return progress -> helloWorldService.helloWorld(progress, who, delay);

Running the job

If you want to run a Hello World job, you should

  • @Autowire the HelloWorldJobExecutionFactory

  • use it to create a new instance of HelloWorldJobExecution

  • set the parameter values

  • submit it for execution using JobExecutor.submit()

    HelloWorldJobExecution jobExecution = factory.create();

Scheduling the job

But perhaps you want to allow the Hello World job to be scheduled. In that case all you have to do is add a ScheduledJobType bean:

public ScheduledJobType helloWorldJobType()
  ScheduledJobType result = scheduledJobTypeFactory.create("helloWorld");
  result.setLabel("Hello World");
  result.setDescription("Simple job example");
  result.setSchema("{\"title\":\"Hello World Job\",\"type\":\"object\",\"properties\":{\"delay\":{\"type\":\"integer\"}},\"required\":[\"delay\"]}");
  return result;

Make sure you specify a unique name for your bean!

The Schema property contains a JSON schema that will be used to validate the parameters attribute for the ScheduledJob when it is scheduled. The value of the parameters object will be parsed as a Map and the values will be written to the JobExecution using JavaBean setters. So make sure that the parameter names match the bean's property names and types. In this particular case, the delay property of type integer will get written to HelloWorldJobExcution.setDelay().

For scheduled jobs, the value of the user property of the JobExecution will get set automatically to the user who created the ScheduledJob.

A bit more about the Progress interface

Use the Progress interface to log the progress of the job execution.

You, as creator of the job, decide how to report and scale the job's progress.

The value provided to the progress() method will be written to the progressInt attribute of the JobExecution entity and displayed in the progress bar. If you specify a value for progressMax, the progress bar will be set to a width proportional to progressInt/progressMax. Otherwise it'll be full width, and animated while running.

The progress message plus the time the method was called will be logged in the log attribute of the JobExecution entity.

If your job runs outside of Molgenis, like in R or on the cluster, it should update its JobExecution entity through the REST API to keep track of progress and status.

Transactions and running as user

If you want to run the job as a transaction, annotate your @Service method with @Transactional. The wisdom of having long-running transactions is debatable, so you may want to think up some compensating actions instead to run if the job fails and put those in a catch block.

Job React Components

You can use the Job React Components to easily display a uniform progress bar. Use the JobContainer to display a progress bar for a single JobExecution.

Use the JobsContainer to display a refreshing overview of JobExecutions currently running and in the past. It needs a URL prop that it'll query regularly to keep the overview up to date. The mechanism for updating the screen is very simply polling the server for a complete overview for all jobs, so be careful not to overdo it.

Last updated